Bikaner

Bikaner stands on a slightly raised ground and is circumscribed by a seven km long embattled wall with five gates. The town is known for its rich Rajput culture and has some of the most beautiful forts, and palaces. The Junagarh Fort, built during the reign of Raja Rai Singh, is the most famous in Bikaner and is a tribute to the Rajput style of architecture. The Laxmi Niwas Palace, Lalgarh Palace, and Gajner Palace are some of the other palaces in Bikaner which add to the beauty of the town and give it a feel of Rajput heritage. Karni Mata Temple, Bhandasar Jain Temple, Ganga Singh Museum. Rampuria Haveli, the National Research Centre on Camel, Shri Laxminath Temple, Prachina Museum, Kodamdesar Temple, and Shiv Bari Temple are the other popular tourist attractions in Bikaner.

HISTORY

Bikaner is a 500-year-old town standing still in time. The rulers here built beautiful forts that echo opulence and images of monsoon clouds in this dry land. The wealth of its architectural heritage lies in its forts, palaces, and temples- magnificent creations in red and yellow sandstone, are living. Here is a temple where rats are held sacred. Today the city is known for flourishing industries of food, wool, and camel breeding. The genesis of Bikaner dates back to 1488A.D. when a Rathore prince, Rao Bikaji, son of Rao Jodhaji of Jodhpur, chose a barren wilderness called Jangladesh’ and transformed it into a charming city called ‘Bikaner, after the founder’s name. Not only do the traditions come alive here in colorful bazaars and Havelis. but Bikaner is also famous for the best riding camels in the world.

Ever since the foundation of Bikaner till its accession into the Indian Union in 1947 A.D. and thereafter its integration into Rajasthan state on 30-3-1949 A.D. Bikaner has played a notable role in the history of the country. Bikaner state has produced several able Generals and warriors and distinguished Rulers and just to name of few Raja Rai Singh Ji-One of Akbar’s most distinguished Generals. Another famous name is Raja Anup Singh who ascended the throne in AD 1669 as a scholar and warrior. His period has been described as “the golden time of Bikaner valor and fame”.

Shopping

Bikaner is a nice place to shop. Bikaner is known in the world for its “BHUJIA & PAPADS, spicy snacks made from fried gram and pulses, and also for “RASCULLAS” la dessert). It has also attained popularity for items stitched out of camel hide which includes belts, wallets, bags, and Jutties (footwear), etc Government Khodl Emporium at Mahatma Gandhi Road for local blankets, rugs, and carpets. wood carvings and lacquer work. Bikaner is a famous center for embroidery and appliqué work, painted pottery, carpet weaving, and delicately carved wooden doors. Bikaner is also famous for a variety of snacks, especially the Bikaneri bhujia.

How To Reach

By Air: Bikaner is well connected to the nearby towns and cities of importance. The nearest Airport is Jodhpur 240 km. The airport is easily accessible by road. By Rail, Bikaner is on the meter gauge network of the Western Railways. It has convenient connections from Delhi and Jodhpur. Air-conditioned coaches are attached to Delhi trains

By Road: Bikaner is well connected by road to the rest of the country. National Highway no 8 connects Agra to Bikaner via Jaipur white national Highway no 11 runs from Pathankot to Kandia port, via Amritsar and Bhatinda. Regular bus service operates between Bikaner and major cities like Jaipur, Kota, Udaipur, and Jaisalmer. Jodhpur and Ajmer. Rajasthan Roadways run daily deluxe coaches between Jaipur and Bikaner.

Monuments of Bikaner

Bikaner Monuments Entry Fee & Timing- Bikaner is located in the northwestern part of Rajasthan. It is a well-known district in the state. Bikaner has a rich historical tradition and thousands of tourists from all over the year come here to get a feel of the rich tradition and culture. Bikaner attracts thousands of travelers for its rich historical tradition and culture. The city consists of beautiful forts, castles, religious shrines, and other historical monuments.

Bikaner is famous for its Camels and located near Bikaner is the Government National Research Centre specializing in camel research. The Government camel breeding farm can be found 9km southeast of Bikaner. It was set up in 1975 and breeds nearly half of the camels in India. It is best to visit here in the late afternoon when the camels return from their grazing. Many tourists peoples and travelers travel to Bikaner to visit the famous Kami Mata Temple of Deshnokewhere rats are worshipped. The Karni Mata Temple is located 30 km south of Bikaner at Deshnoke but is generally visited while people stay in Bikaner.

It was constructed by Maharaja Ganga Singh in the early 1900s as a tribute to the rat goddess, Karni Mata. The temple is home to 20.000 rats. Karni Mata was a mystic matriarch from the 14th century and was thought to be an incarnation of Durga, the goddess of power and victory. When the child of one of her clansmen died she attempted to bring it back to life. However, Yama, the god of death told her the child had already been reincarnated. Karni Mata bargained with Yama to make a promise that all the people from her tribe would be reborn as rats until they could be born back into the clan. In Hinduism. this cycle of transmigration is known as samsara and this is why Karni Mata’s rats are treated like royalty. Devotees coming to the temple make offerings to them generally in the form of milk, grains, and sweets.

Junagarh Fort

The Junagarh Fort is one of the most famous forts that is frequently visited by the tourists throughout the year, located in the arid region of the Thar Desert and is known for its architecture and carvings in the Mughal styles.

Gajner Palace

The Gajner Palace is a lakeside palace complex that is close to the wildlife sanctuary located in the middle of the Thar desert. You will come across the lush green gardens with a lot of facilitations available.

Lalgarh Palace

The Lalgarh Palace is located 3 km away from the city center that had been built between 1902 to 1926 that has been influenced by the Britishers and Rajput along with Mughal and European styles of architecture.

Rampuria Haveli

Initiated around the 1400s, the Rampuria Haveli is one of the beatific heritage sites of Bikaner. The construction of the Rampuria Haveli was idealized and constructed by Balujee Chalva under the express orders of the influential and rich merchant family, Rampuria.

Ganga Golden Jubilee Museum

Ganga Golden Jubilee Museum was established in 1937 on the occasion of the Golden Jubilee Celebrations of Maharaja Ganga Singh. The museum comprises some of the most unique and amazing collections of artwork, history, and sculptures.

Kodamdesar Bhairu Ji Temple

Kodamdesar Bhairu Ji Temple was built by Rao Bika Ji, the founder and ruler of Bikaner (1472-1504 AD), who belonged to the royal family of Jodhpur. He left Jodhpur in 1465 AD to establish Bikaner State and built this temple during the first three years of his arrival from Jodhpur.

 

Karni Mata Temple

The temple of Karni Mata is known to be sacred for it has huge followers. To visit the same, you will have to travel 30 km from Bikaner where you will witness thousands of rats that inhabit here.